Global SAI Accountability Initative “GSAI”
The GSAI was designed to target a smaller group of the most challenged SAIs. The SAIs selected for this initiative often operate in environments that face serious political, economic, and/or social challenges, and are therefore most in need of scaled-up and strengthened support. A specialized committee oversees the GSAI approach and identifies a list of the most challenged SAIs globally to be targeted in rounds. The committee has members from the donor community but takes advice from the INTOSAI regions and relevant INTOSAI bodies.
The GSAI considers SAIs from around the world, with the ultimate goal of targeting a small group, identified as especially challenged, for each round. The challenged SAIs in the first target group were defined based on several factors, including but not limited to:
- Being located in a country classified as a least developed country, other low income or lower-middle-income country on the OECD DAC list of ODA recipients
- Being located in a country designated as fragile according to the World Bank’s harmonized list of fragile situations
- Being located in a country which scoring in the two lowest quartiles of the Transparency International corruption perception index, or with no score available (no CPI data available)
- SAIs which have weak or medium overall performance, or with no performance data available (based on PEFA and OBI data)
SAIs identified as candidates for the initiative are contacted by the committee and invited to apply for the initiative by filling in an application form, which formed the basis for potential providers of support to evaluate whether they are interested in supporting the SAI.
The support provided to the targeted SAIs is geared around the whole strategic management cycle and ensures adherence to the principles of the IDC MoU. The GSAI has a high focus on the delivery of support through long term partnerships between the targeted SAI, the donor(s), and providers of support from the INTOSAI community. The approach seeks to utilize the resources from the different actors in the best possible way to increase the likelihood of success in their efforts to strengthen the capacity of these most challenged SAIs. Individual project groups will be established to develop and implement sound capacity development projects for targeted SAIs, consisting of the SAI itself and interested providers of support (e.g. donor organisations, INTOSAI regions and other INTOSAI bodies, peer SAIs).
The Committee that oversaw the first round was composed by the donors: Austria, EC, Irish Aid and Norad. From INTOSAI there was SAI France and SAI South Africa.
This Committee was very active in the initial stages of the GCP T2 strategy and was integral in conducting background work on the eligible countries and selecting the final countries that compose the Tier 2. It currently only meets upon request if there are critical issues re the Tier Countries participation.
The Committee managing the second round is composed by the donors EC, USAID, NORAD, World Bank and IADB, INTOSAI Bodies and Regions IDI, CBC, CAROSAI, CREFIAF, AFROSAI-E, OLACEFS, ARABOSAI, SAI USA and SAI India; where the regional bodies are observers. Since 2021 the GSAI committee has been working on identifying SAI candidates for the second round, developing the ToRs for the initiative, finding potential donors and technical providers and recommending (or not) the launch of the GSAI to the Steering Committee for approval.
Support to the GCP Tier 2 SAIs 2018-2020 – First phase
The support to the GCP Tier 2 SAIs for 2018 to 2020 was provided through the Accelerated Peer-Support Partnership programme or Partenariat d’Appui Accéléré par des Pairs in French (PAP-APP). The name highlights the peer-support and partnership emphases of the programme. The programme was established by IDI, AFROSAI-E and CREFIAF as an INTOSAI response to the Global Call for Proposals Tier 2.
Each SAI received tailored technical support to strengthen its strategic management systems, develop high-quality and strategically-grounded proposals for long-term capacity development projects, and then managed donor support for those projects.
Depending on the needs and priorities of the SAI, supported activities included:
- establishing strategic planning teams and communication facilities
- systematically assessing current capacity, performance and needs
- strengthening internal systems for monitoring and reporting
- developing new or updating existing strategic and operational plans
- consulting key national stakeholders on their expectations for SAI development and plans
- developing project proposals to implement plans
- improving coordination and SAI driving of external support, including through dedicated staff
A team of peers is established for each SAI, which include representatives from the IDI, AFROSAI-E or CREFIAF, and resource persons from around the region. They are responsible for providing support according to multi-year Cooperation Agreements.
The SAI itself is expected to drive the implementation of all activities. This is to enable ownership, sustainability and integration with existing systems and priorities, as well as sufficient adaptation to the national context. It should also help ensure that the capacity development project proposals that are ultimately developed are SAI-led, holistic, and aligned with the SAIs’ strategic plans and management systems.
Funding for the programme 2018-2020 was provided by several donors, including the Austrian Development Agency, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Iceland, the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France, DFID and SAI Qatar.
Support to the GCP Tier 2 SAIs 2021-2025 – Second phase
All the GCP Tier 2 SAIs have ambitious plans for stronger performance in terms of more and better audits. They also have plans to strengthen capacities in main areas, such as internal governance, stakeholder communication, ICT-systems and audit processes. However, the existing capacity and ambitions of change will differ.
Necessary and relevant financial, technical, political/advocacy, project management and coordination support for the SAIs are being provided in different ways. This can be INTOSAI providers (as strong SAIs), the PAP-APP partners or other technical providers as GIZ or private consultants. In cases where country-level arrangements are already working well, this usually is the best option.
Each SAI has Project Support Groups where donors and other support providers are kept updated about SAI needs and plans quarterly. This group seeks to provide financial or in-kind support to the SAI to implement the project proposals developed.
For the latest news on the PAP-APP programme, please visit the PAP-APP page on the IDI website.